From Cultural Anthropology, this thought-provoking piece by Olga Gorinova:
In a representationalist paradigm, such theory or data would be understood as a representation of how the world really is (a paradigm that seems to have been overcome in performative STS). Yet this paradigm is still employed by scholars when they consider data gathered around a person’s activity in virtual and real life alike as a “data double” (Raley 2013). The concept of a data double or data shadow, arguably, implies a representationalist explanation of what and how the person really is.
Like scientific truths produced in a laboratory, such a double is not only made; it also makes. It is performative and enactive.
Full text here.